Using panel data of 30 countries during 1998-2012, this paper empirically studies the effect of basic research on technological progress. The results prove that basic research has a positive effect on technological progress on the whole. Based on the perspective of technological gap and labor skill structure, the further results show that with the technological gap narrowing and the skilled labor ratio increasing, basic research will promote technological progress better. In terms of different forms of technological progress, basic research advances not only the growth rate of TFP, but also the labor productivity and technological innovation. In addition, in countries with higher income and more strict intellectual property protection, basic research plays a more obvious positive role in promoting technological progress.
$author.xingMing_EN. Does Basic Research Promote Technological Progress? ——Based on the Perspective of Technological Gap and Labor Skill Structure[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2018, 36(1): 37-48.