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科学学研究  2018, Vol. 36 Issue (1): 49-59    DOI:
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技术进步是否有效促进了节能降耗与CO2减排
钱娟1,李金叶2
1. 新疆大学;新疆自治区发改委经济研究院
2. 新疆大学
Does technological progress effectively promote the energy saving and CO2 emission reduction?——Based on Inter- industry Panel Data from35 industries from1994 to 2014
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摘要 技术进步是影响节能降耗与CO2减排的重要因素,是推动中国工业绿色低碳转型的主动力。本文在同时考虑能耗与排放因素基础上,通过数理方程演绎了技术进步有效促进节能减排的理论机理,并运用非参数SML模型测算了1994~2014年中国工业35个行业基于绿色增长的技术进步水平,运用面板模型分别对高低能耗与排放分组的能耗强度和CO2排放强度进行回归,探究不同类型的技术进步对降低能耗与CO2减排的绩效。研究结果显示:生产前沿的科技创新是推动中国工业绿色全要素生产率提高的主动力,前沿科技创新的节能降耗绩效最高,纯技术效率的CO2减排绩效最高;技术进步的节能降耗与CO2减排效应存在非对称性,技术进步的CO2减排绩效大于节能降耗绩效;能源消费结构调整的CO2减排绩效大于节能降耗绩效,解释了存在“高能耗低排放和高排放低能耗行业”之谜。
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钱娟 李金叶
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Abstract: Technological progress is an important factor for reducing energy consumption and CO2 emission, and the driving force for promoting China's industrial green low-carbon transformation. Based on the consideration of energy consumption and emission factors, we deduce the theoretical mechanism of technological progress to promote energy saving and emission reduction through mathematical equations, and use the non-parameter SML model to calculate and decompose the technological progress of green growth in China's 35 industries from 1994 to 2014. According to the high energy consumption and emission group, we use the panel model to make regression on energy consumption intensity and CO2 emissions intensity respectively, and explores the performance of different types of technological progress to reduce energy consumption and CO2 emission reduction. The results show that the technological innovation is the main driving force to promote the industry's green total factor productivity in China. The energy-saving and consumption-reducing performance of cutting-edge technology innovation is the highest. The pure technology efficiency of CO2 emission reduction is the highest. Technological progress to promote energy saving and CO2 emission reduction effect there is asymmetry, technology Progress of CO2 emission reduction performance is greater than energy saving. Energy consumption structure adjustment of CO2 emission reduction performance is greater than energy saving, explained the existence of "high energy consumption and low emission industry , high emission and low energy industry" mystery.
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收稿日期: 2017-02-20; 出版日期: 2010-01-15
基金资助:

天山北坡城市群城镇化进程中水安全预警及调控;新疆经济社会发展报告;落实特殊政策,推进南疆经济社会发展研究;中国经济增长动力转变研究

通讯作者: 李金叶     E-mail: lijinyexd@sina.com
引用本文:   
钱娟 李金叶. 技术进步是否有效促进了节能降耗与CO2减排[J]. 科学学研究, 2018, 36(1): 49-59.
$author.xingMing_EN. Does technological progress effectively promote the energy saving and CO2 emission reduction?——Based on Inter- industry Panel Data from35 industries from1994 to 2014[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2018, 36(1): 49-59.
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