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科学学研究  2018, Vol. 36 Issue (1): 81-92    DOI:
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R&D资源配置、空间关联与区域全要素生产率提升
焦翠红1,陈钰芬2
1. 吉林大学商学院
2.
R&D Resource Allocation, Spatial Correlation and Regional TFP Growth
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摘要 本文构建一个同时包含R&D投入规模和R&D资源配置的区域TFP增长模型,并运用空间计量分析技术考察区域TFP增长和R&D活动的空间关联特征,着重探讨R&D资源在区域内部研发主体间的配置结构与区际间的空间再配置效应对地区TFP增长的作用效果。研究发现:(1)中国区域TFP增长和R&D活动均存在明显的正向空间相关性和空间俱乐部集聚特征;(2)R&D投入规模对区域TFP增长具有显著的抑制作用;(3)区域内R&D资源配置效率整体偏低,相较于企业和高等学校而言,科研机构R&D配置份额的增加更有利于促进TFP增长;(4)区际间R&D资本和R&D人员的流动均能够显著提升区域TFP,而R&D人员流动的作用效果更强。无论是当期模型还是滞后模型,上述结论均具有稳健性。本文研究结论对于我国调整R&D支出总量,优化R&D资源配置,进而提升区域全要素生产率具有重要政策启示。
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焦翠红 陈钰芬
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Abstract: This paper presents a TFP growth model with R&D investment scale and R&D resource allocation,and investigates the spatial correlation of regional TFP growth and R&D activities, and further focuses on the effect of R&D resources allocation efficiency and R&D expenditure structure on the TFP growth based on the Chinese provincial panel data during 1998-2014. The study finds that:(1) China’s TFP growth and R&D activities presents an obvious spatial spillover effect and “club” agglomeration; (2) R&D input scale has a significant negative effect on regional TFP growth; (3) the efficiency of R&D resource allocation within the region is low; compared to enterprises and universities, the increase of R&D share of scientific research institutions have more positive effect on regional TFP growth;(4) the regional mobility of R&D capital and R&D labors can promote the increase of regional TFP growth obviously, and the regional mobility of R&D labors have a stronger effect. Whether we use a current model and the lag model, the results as described above are stable. The conclusions of this paper have important policy on promoting regional TFP in China through adjusting R&D expenditure and optimization of R&D resource allocation.
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收稿日期: 2016-11-21; 出版日期: 2010-01-15
1:  
基金资助:

吉林大学研究生创新基金资助项目;北京大学国家发展研究院新结构经济学专项研究基金

通讯作者: 焦翠红     E-mail: cgesam@163.com
引用本文:   
焦翠红 陈钰芬. R&D资源配置、空间关联与区域全要素生产率提升[J]. 科学学研究, 2018, 36(1): 81-92.
$author.xingMing_EN. R&D Resource Allocation, Spatial Correlation and Regional TFP Growth[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2018, 36(1): 81-92.
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