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科学学研究  2018, Vol. 36 Issue (3): 456-463    DOI:
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专利司法保护对企业专利决策的影响机理研究
贺宁馨董哲林
1. 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院
2. 清华大学
Impact Mechanism of Patent Judicial Protection on Patent Decision - making Behavior in China
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摘要 为提升我国专利司法保护的有效性,亟需从微观层面分析企业在专利司法保护制度之下的专利决策模式,为调整专利司法保护强度提供政策导向。首先分析专利司法保护制度下的企业专利决策行为的通用模型,然后对我国专利侵权赔偿额进行实证调研,将调研结果与模型相结合,得到我国专利司法保护对企业专利决策行为的作用机理。以此为基础,分析我国专利司法保护制度的调整对企业专利决策行为的影响。结果显示:我国法定赔偿额的参考因素覆盖了其它三种专利侵权赔偿额的参考因素,具有一定积极作用。随着最新的《专利法修订草案(送审稿)》专利法大幅提高法定赔偿额及增加惩罚性赔偿,专利保护将明显增强,企业更倾向于选择自主创新的专利策略。
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贺宁馨 董哲林
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Abstract: In order to improve the effectiveness of the judicial protection in our country, it is urgent to analyze the patent decision-making mode of the enterprise under the patent judicial protection system from the micro level, and to provide the policy guidance for adjusting the judicial protection of the patent. This paper first analyzes the general model of patent decision-making behavior under the patent judicial protection system, then makes an empirical study on the amount of patent infringement compensation in our country. Combining the empirical study results with the general model, the paper obtains the impact mechanism of patent judicial protection on patent decision - making behavior. Based on this, the paper analyzes the impact of the adjustment of the judicial protection system in our country on the patent decision-making behavior of the enterprise. The results show that the references factors for determination the statutory compensation in China covers the reference factors of determining the other three types of patent infringement compensation, and the statutory compensation has a certain positive effect. With the latest "Patent Law Draft Amendment (Draft)"the new patent law improving the statutory compensation and increasing the punitive damages, the patent protection will be obviously enhanced, then the enterprises are more inclined to choose the patent strategy of independent innovation.
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收稿日期: 2017-05-08; 出版日期: 2018-03-15
通讯作者: 董哲林     E-mail: dongzhelin@163.com
引用本文:   
贺宁馨 董哲林. 专利司法保护对企业专利决策的影响机理研究[J]. 科学学研究, 2018, 36(3): 456-463.
$author.xingMing_EN. Impact Mechanism of Patent Judicial Protection on Patent Decision - making Behavior in China[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2018, 36(3): 456-463.
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