• 中国科学学与科技政策研究会
  • 中国科学院科技政策与管理科学研究所
  • 清华大学科学技术与社会研究中心
ISSN 1003-2053 CN 11-1805/G3

科学学研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 1153-1160.

• 科学学理论与方法 •    下一篇

跨学科研究在科学研究中越来越重要?

陈仕吉1,Clément Arsenault(康温和)2,3,Vincent Larivière(江文森)2,3   

  1. 1. 中国农业大学
    2.
    3. 加拿大蒙特利尔大学
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-08 修回日期:2018-01-14 出版日期:2018-07-15 发布日期:2018-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈仕吉
  • 基金资助:

    国家社科基金项目

Is interdisciplinary research becoming more important in science?

  • Received:2017-09-08 Revised:2018-01-14 Online:2018-07-15 Published:2018-07-25

摘要: 随着科学系统的复杂化,许多社会问题和科学研究计划无法由一个学科解决,跨学科研究逐渐成为现代科学研究不可或缺的模式。因此,分析与了解科学中跨学科研究的变化趋势,阐明跨学科研究的重要性对跨学科研究的持续发展和科技规划具有重要的意义。本研究以Web of Science数据库1961-2015年高被引论文数据(top 1%)为基础,分别利用第三代生物多样性指标Leinster-Cobbold多样性指数(LCDiv)和单项跨学科指标(丰富性、均衡性和差异度)分析跨学科研究的变化趋势。研究表明跨学科研究对科学研究越来越重要,跨学科研究的丰富性呈现出明显的上升趋势,均衡性呈现下降趋势,大多数学科的差异度呈现上升趋势,同时也表明高被引论文的高丰富性、低均衡性和高差异度的跨学科特性正变得越来越明显。

Abstract: With the complexity of the scientific system, many social problems and scientific research programs cannot be solved by one discipline, and interdisciplinary research has become an indispensable model of modern science. It is of great significance for the development of interdisciplinary research to explore the importance and evolution trend of interdisciplinary research. Based on over 50-year high-cited papers (top 1%) of the Web of Science, this study uses the third biodiversity index, the Leinster-Cobbold diversity indices (LCDiv), and interdisciplinary property indices, namely Variety, Balance and Disparity, to analyze the evolutionary trends of interdisciplinary research. The study shows that interdisciplinary research is becoming more important in science, variety shows an increasing trend, balance shows a decreasing trend and disparity shows an increasing trend for most disciplines. The analysis also shows that the interdisciplinary characteristics of highly cited papers, namely high variety, low balance and high disparity, is becoming more and more evident over time.

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