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科学学研究  2018, Vol. 36 Issue (9): 1594-1601    DOI:
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目标设置至关重要吗?来自专利喜与忧的证据
吴建南1,赵志华2
1. 上海交通大学
2. 西安交通大学
Does Goal-setting Matter?Evidence from Joy and Sorrow of Chinese Patent
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摘要 中国专利申请和授权量均取得了可喜成绩,也存在已有专利多集中于国内专利等令人担忧的问题。本文验证了作为政府绩效管理关键环节的目标设置的作用,具体采用2001-2010年中国30个省份的面板数据,运用双重差分法(DID)对五年规划中发明专利授权量目标设置对发明专利授权量、海外发明专利申请比重的影响进行研究。结果显示,五年规划中发明专利授权量目标设置显著提高了发明专利授权量,但也显著降低了海外专利申请量的比重。现有专利目标设置使政府往往高度关注专利数量增长,专利保护知识产权、鼓励发明创造的“初心”往往被忽略。
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吴建南 赵志华
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Abstract: Considerable achievenments have been achieved by China in terms of the volume of patent applications and patent grants. However, there are also issues, including the domestic concentration of patent applications. As the key link of government performance management, the role of goal-setting in them needs to be verified. Base on the panel data of 30 provinces in China from 2001-2010, this paper use Difference-in-difference (DID) model to study the impact of setting a goal of the invention patent grant amount in the five-year-plan on the number of invention patent grant and the proportion of overseas invention patent applications. The results show that setting a goal of the invention patent grant amount in the five-year-plan has a significant positive impact on the number of invention patent grant , and poses a significant negative impact on the proportion of overseas invention patent. The current number-oriented patent goal-setting makes the government pay high attention to promoting the growth of the number of patents, but the original meaning of patents intellectual property protection always be ignored.
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收稿日期: 2017-11-22; 出版日期: 2018-09-15
基金资助:

大气污染、政策创新与绩效改进——面向中国大陆的实证研究;政策创新与大气污染治理

通讯作者: 吴建南     E-mail: jnwu@sjtu.edu.cn
引用本文:   
吴建南 赵志华. 目标设置至关重要吗?来自专利喜与忧的证据[J]. 科学学研究, 2018, 36(9): 1594-1601.
$author.xingMing_EN. Does Goal-setting Matter?Evidence from Joy and Sorrow of Chinese Patent[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2018, 36(9): 1594-1601.
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