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科学学研究  2018, Vol. 36 Issue (9): 1686-1693    DOI:
技术创新与制度创新 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
技术创新、市场化进程与企业兴衰
杨武1,2,田雪姣2
1.
2. 北京科技大学
Technological Innovation, Marketization Degree, and Firm Performance: Analysis of Micro-data of Listed Companies in China
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摘要 企业是一国经济发展的命脉,深入挖掘企业兴衰的影响因素有助于促进企业的健康成长。对应2011-2016年间中国132家微观制造业上市公司的年度数据,运用事件史分析的方法动态解析了企业的兴衰状况,Kaplan-Meier 乘积限估计方法得出的生存函数和风险函数图显示中国高技术产业相比传统制造业企业具有更高的健康概率和更低的危险概率。在此基础上进一步运用Cox比例风险模型对企业健康状况的影响因素进行研究,模型结果表明:技术创新是保护因素,能够显著提高企业的健康概率,企业健康概率与区域市场化进程间呈现先上升后下降的倒U字型关系,存在最优的政府干预程度能够促进企业的健康成长,过高或者过低的市场化程度都有可能抑制企业的健康性。此外,企业健康概率与企业规模的加速扩张也呈现倒U字型关系。基于以上研究结论,从创新驱动、市场和政府调控以及企业规模扩张角度对促进企业健康成长提出了相应建议。
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杨武 田雪姣
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Abstract: Firms are the lifeblood of a country's economic development, and the in-depth study of the influence factors of firms' rise and fall can help promote the healthy growth of firms. According to the annual data of 140 micro firms in China between 2011 and 2016, the rise and fall of firms are analyzed dynamically by event history analysis。The survival function and risk function graph obtained by the Kaplan-Meier product limit estimation method show that China's high-tech industry has higher health probability and lower probability of crisis than traditional industrial firms. Further study on the influencing factors of firm health is carried out by Cox proportional risk model. The results show that: technological innovation is the protective factor which can significantly improve the health probability of firms, the relationship between the health status of the firm and the process of regional marketization is the inverted U-shaped relationship. Furthermore, the protective degree of technological innovation to firms is improved after the introduction of marketwise factors. In addition, the acceleration of corporate profitability can significantly promote the healthy development of firms, firms' health probabilities are related in a U-shape to firms' accelerated expansion of scale. Based on the above conclusions, this paper puts forward some suggestions to promote the healthy growth of firms from the perspective of innovation-driven, market and government regulation and the scale expansion of firms.
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收稿日期: 2017-12-06; 出版日期: 2018-09-15
基金资助:

区域科技创新

通讯作者: 田雪姣     E-mail: tianxuejiao1990@126.com
引用本文:   
杨武 田雪姣. 技术创新、市场化进程与企业兴衰[J]. 科学学研究, 2018, 36(9): 1686-1693.
$author.xingMing_EN. Technological Innovation, Marketization Degree, and Firm Performance: Analysis of Micro-data of Listed Companies in China[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2018, 36(9): 1686-1693.
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