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科学学研究  2018, Vol. 36 Issue (9): 1537-1544    DOI:
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“公众科学”研究——公民参与科学新方式
杨正
谢菲尔德大学
Citizen Science: New Method for Public Engagement with Science?——Conception, Review and Future
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摘要 科学传播的理论与实践在经过“科学普及”、“公众理解科学”、“科学对话”等阶段时候开始逐渐进入“公众参与科学”领域。然而传统的“公众参与科学”所强调的实践多集中在科学民主化与科学决策上。“公众科学”概念的出现开始将“公众参与科学”引入到一个全新的科学知识生产领域。本文梳理了“公众科学”概念在西方语境中的提出与发展,并将其与科学传播体系中的其他相关概念进行了比较分析,并结合实际案例阐述了“公众科学”项目的实践模式。最后,在比较“公众科学”在实践中的利弊的基础上为其未来发展提出了讨论。对“公众科学”领域的研究不仅有助于我们与西方科学传播领域的研究相接轨,更有助我们利用全新的理论体系与实践方法为提高公民科学素养提供助力。
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杨正
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Abstract: The theory and practice of science communication have entered a new field of “public engagement with science” after the stage of “science popularization”, “public understanding of science” and “scientific dialogue”. However, the core-practice of traditional “public engagement with science” is more concentrated about the scientific democracy and scientific decision-making. The conception of “citizen science” has taken the practice of “public engagement with science” to a new field of scientific knowledge producing. This paper cards the proposing and development of the conception of “citizen science” in the Western research context and then compares it with the other conceptions of science communication. This paper also interprets the practice model of “citizen science” with some examples. Finally, this paper gives some future discussion under the comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of “citizen science” practice. The research of “citizen science” can not only help us to get touch with the research of science communication theory in Western research context, but also can help us to promote the development of public scientific literacy with a new theory and practice methods.
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收稿日期: 2017-10-13; 出版日期: 2018-09-15
通讯作者: 杨正     E-mail: zyang68@sheffield.ac.uk
引用本文:   
杨正. “公众科学”研究——公民参与科学新方式[J]. 科学学研究, 2018, 36(9): 1537-1544.
$author.xingMing_EN. Citizen Science: New Method for Public Engagement with Science?——Conception, Review and Future[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2018, 36(9): 1537-1544.
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