科学学研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1345-1357.

• 科学学理论与方法 •    下一篇

底线式科技安全治理体系构建研究

陈劲1,朱子钦1,季与点2,3,梅亮4   

  1. 1. 清华大学经济管理学院
    2. 科学技术部信息中心
    3.
    4. 北京大学国家发展研究院
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-03 修回日期:2020-06-23 出版日期:2020-08-15 发布日期:2020-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 朱子钦
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金应急管理项目“我国解决关键核心技术‘卡脖子’问题的体制机制、组织模式与政策研究”

Research on the Construction of Science and Technology Security Governance System Based on Bottom Line Thinking

  • Received:2020-05-03 Revised:2020-06-23 Online:2020-08-15 Published:2020-08-15

摘要: 底线性是有意义的创新的核心属性之一,强调运用底线思维防范化解重大科技安全风险。研究立足中国实际,对未来科技安全治理的难点和要点展开了预见性分析,论证了底线思维在科技安全治理中的内涵和必要性,提出了包含“党的领导”、“举国体制”、“群众路线”、“开放包容”、“底线思维”五个核心要素的底线式科技安全治理体系以及人工智能治理底线。进而通过目标手段分析法,构建了“目标-需求-系统”三维一体的治理体系研究分析框架。最后在理论阐释的基础上,通过信息、能源、物资、人员四个方面的管理系统架构设计案例,对底线式科技安全管理系构建的实践研究展开了前瞻性探讨,为主管部门实际开发和应用科技安全管理系统提供了借鉴。

Abstract: "Bottom line for safety" is one of the core attributes of meaningful innovation, emphasizing the use of bottom line thinking to prevent and resolve major technological security risks. Based on China's reality, this research makes a predictive analysis of the difficulties and key points of future science and technology security governance, demonstrates the connotation and necessity of bottom line thinking, and puts forward a Bottom Line Thinking-Based science and technology security governance system, which includes five core elements of "Party's leadership", "national system", "mass line", "openness and inclusiveness" and "bottom line thinking". Additionally, by means of target analysis, a "goal-demand-system" three-dimensional research and analysis framework for the new security governance system is constructed and Bottom Lines of AI Governance are put forward. Finally, on the basis of theoretical explanation, the paper makes a forward-looking practical research on the design of the Bottom Line Thinking-Based science and technology security governance system architecture through four design cases, i.e. Applied AI management system architecture, General AI management system architecture, IOT system architecture and Public Security management system architecture, which provides a reference for practically developing and applying the Bottom Line Thinking-Based science and technology security governance system for the management department.