科学学研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1481-1488.

• 技术创新与制度创新 • 上一篇    下一篇

平台型领导:概念、维度与测量

辛杰1,孔茗2,谢荣贝2   

  1. 1. 山东大学管理学院
    2.
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-06 修回日期:2020-06-02 出版日期:2020-08-15 发布日期:2020-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 辛杰

Platform Leadership: Concepts, Dimensions, and Measurements

  • Received:2020-02-06 Revised:2020-06-02 Online:2020-08-15 Published:2020-08-15

摘要: 互联网背景下的平台经济时代重构了人与组织之间的关系,需要创新性地建立一种基于平台隐喻的领导范式和实践途径。本文在文献内容分析基础上对6位管理学领域专家和21位企业管理者进行结构化访谈,经过质性研究过程归纳38个题项,进行606份有效问卷的实证分析并通过信度和效度检验,开发出平台型领导量表的22个测量题项以及分享利他、交互协作、孵化创客、度己化人、赋能平等5个构成维度,并给出五个构成维度的内涵释义。该研究较为完备地刻画了平台型领导的行为特征,弥补了平台型领导研究缺乏测量量表和维度界定的理论缺口,所确定的5维度22题项具有系统性、涵盖性和内在区别性,具与有互联网、大数据背景下企业平台化经营和平台化升级的契合性,为践行平台型领导提供了理论依据和行为导向,对推动平台领导力的进一步研究具有积极作用。

Abstract: The era of the platform economy under the background of the Internet has restructured the relationship between people and organizations. It is necessary to fundamentally establish a leadership paradigm and practical approach based on platform metaphors. Based on the analysis of the content of the literature, this article conducted structured interviews with 6 management experts and 21 enterprise managers. After the coding process, 38 questions were summarized. An empirical analysis of 606 valid questionnaires was conducted and the reliability and validity tests were passed. This study developed 22 measurement items of the platform leadership scale and five constituent dimensions which are sharing altruism, interactive collaboration, incubation of maker, self-cultivation, empowerment equality. This study also give connotation of the five constituent dimensions. This study more fully characterizes the behavioral characteristics of platform-based leadership, and makes up for the lack of theoretical scales and dimensions of platform-based leadership research. The identified 5 dimensions and 22 items are systematic, comprehensive, and inherently different. It has compatibility with the platform operation and platform upgrade of enterprises under the background of the Internet and big data, which provides theoretical basis and behavioral guidance for the practice of platform leadership. It is positive for promoting further research on platform leadership effict.