科学学研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1390-1396.

• 科技发展战略与政策 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国海外科研人才的需求分析及人才引进对策

张立伟1,2,王珏3   

  1. 1. 大连理工大学科学学与科技管理研究所
    2. 山东大学国际创新转化学院
    3. 新加坡南洋理工大学
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-24 修回日期:2020-04-15 出版日期:2020-08-15 发布日期:2020-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 王珏

Talent Policy: What Matters for Overseas Chinese Scholars?

,Jue JueWang   

  • Received:2019-09-24 Revised:2020-04-15 Online:2020-08-15 Published:2020-08-15
  • Contact: Jue JueWang

摘要: 当前我国正处于海外人才引进的战略机遇期,国际贸易战争、科技战争的形势也使人才引进工作刻不容缓,而探知海外人才的工作需求,是人才引进工作的前提和基础。本文以新加坡为例,通过对我国在新加坡的科研人才进行问卷调研,并对调研数据进行因子分析,探究我国海外科研人才的工作动机和需求。研究发现不同阶段的科研人才对工作和生活环境的关注点不同。事业起步阶段的青年学者更注重科研工作的责任、挑战、发展和成长等科研激励因素,资深学者对工作的稳定、安全和薪酬待遇等工作保健因素更为关注,同时发现个人、家庭的生活保障和文化旅游因素也在一定程度上受到学者的关注。在此基础上,本文建议我国的海外人才政策不应该套用一个模式,而是应该针对不同的目标人群采用不同的工作重点,制定灵活的人才政策。

关键词: 海外人才, 人才政策, 工作动机和需求, 海外人才政策, 科研激励因子, 工作保健因子

Abstract: The study intends to provide evidence for talent policies in China by exploring the question concerning attracting and retaining overseas talents: What motivates academic talents to move across borders? Using Singapore as a case, we surveyed faculty with China-origin who are currently working in three major universities in Singapore and identified the factors crucial for attracting overseas Chinese talents to the city-state, and highlighted variations across nationality groups, age groups and career stages. Based on factor analysis of the survey data, we found that young scholars in early stage of career are more motivated by incentive factors in the working environment such as research support and career development opportunities, while established scholars pay more attention to hygiene factors for work such as job stability, remuneration and research network. The findings suggest that talent policies should have different priorities when targeting different groups of overseas scholars.

Key words: overseas talent, talent policy, work motivations &, demands, incentive factors for research, hygiene factors for work