科学学研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 1899-1910.

• 技术创新与制度创新 • 上一篇    下一篇

创客资本的结构与测量

王军1,李燕萍2   

  1. 1. 武汉大学经济管理学院
    2. 湖北省武汉大学经济与管理学院
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-05 修回日期:2020-02-27 出版日期:2020-10-15 发布日期:2020-10-15
  • 通讯作者: 王军
  • 基金资助:

    驱动中国创新发展的创客与众创空间培育战略研究;长尾小微企业的成长障碍研究:基于机会-资源-能力视角

Structure and Measurement of Maker Capital

  • Received:2019-11-05 Revised:2020-02-27 Online:2020-10-15 Published:2020-10-15

摘要: 创客是第三次工业革命创新发展的重要驱动,基于创客形成的创客资本的研究对社会的创新发展具有重要意义。通过对66名创客的开放式问卷进行质化研究,构建了创客资本的结构维度,并进一步通过157份数据的结构探索及信效度检验,对创客资本的量表进行了修订。研究结果表明:创客资本是一个包含创意能力、个性特质、知识经验和资源整合的二阶四因子结构,其量表具有良好的信度和效度。研究丰富与拓展了资本理论和创客研究的方向,有助于优化我国众创空间的管理绩效,推动我国“双创”战略的稳步发展。

Abstract: Maker is an important driving force for the innovation and development of the third industrial revolution. The study of maker capital based on the formation of maker is of great significance to the innovation and development of society. Based on the qualitative study of 66 makers' open-ended questionnaires, this paper constructs the structure dimension of maker capital, and further revises the scale of maker capital through 157 data structure exploration and reliability and validity test. The results show that maker capital is a second-order four factor structure including creativity, personality, knowledge experience and resource integration, and its scale has good reliability and validity. The research enriches and expands the direction of capital theory and maker research, helps to optimize the management performance of maker space in China, and promotes the steady development of China's "mass entrepreneurship and innovation" strategy.