科学学研究 ›› 2020, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2228-2235.

• 科技管理与知识管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

创新型创业人才的基础素质与专业能力研究

胡贝贝1,张秀峰2,杨斌1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院
    2. 河南师范大学商学院
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-06 修回日期:2020-02-19 出版日期:2020-12-15 发布日期:2020-12-26
  • 通讯作者: 张秀峰

Research on the basic quality, professional ability of innovative entrepreneurial talents, and their relationship and transformation mechanism based on grounded theory

  • Received:2020-01-06 Revised:2020-02-19 Online:2020-12-15 Published:2020-12-26

摘要: 本研究以中关村科技园区15位典型创新型创业人才为对象,通过非结构化深度访谈,应用扎根理论和方法探究了创新型创业人才基础素质与专业能力特征,以及二者的关系和转化机制。研究结果显示,在基础素质层面,创新型创业人才具有感性与理性复合的人格特质、理论知识与实践经验贯通的知识基础,以及高智力和充沛精力体力复合的生理素质。在创新型创业活动开展层面,具有创新型创业机会的识别/创造能力、开发能力,以及创新型企业的运营能力。其开展创新型创业的专业能力是其基础素质在特定契机刺激与创新创业意识驱动下,围绕创新型创业主题的聚合转化和显现。其专业能力的生成机制模型为:基础素质-(创业契机+创新创业意识)-专业能力转化。本文的研究结论为创新型创业人才培养和评价提供了理论支撑。

Abstract: Taking 15 typical innovative entrepreneurs in Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park as the target, this study explores the basic qualities and professional capabilities of innovative entrepreneurs through unstructured in-depth interviews and by grounded theory and methods, as well as the relationship and transformation mechanism between the two. The results show that in terms of basic qualities, innovative entrepreneurs have the following characteristics--a personality characteristics coexisting with sensibility and reason, a knowledge foundation that integrates theoretical knowledge and practical experience, and a combination of high intelligence and abundant physical fitness. in the term of developing innovative entrepreneurial activities, they have the ability to identify/create innovative entrepreneurial opportunities and develop innovative opportunities, and the operational capabilities of innovative enterprises. Their professional ability to carry out innovative entrepreneurship is the aggregation, transformation and manifestation of their basic quality around the theme of innovative entrepreneurship, driven by specific opportunities and innovative entrepreneurial consciousness. The generation mechanism model of their professional ability is as follows: Basic quality- (entrepreneurial opportunity + innovation and entrepreneurship awareness)-professional ability transformation. The research conclusions provide theoretical support for the cultivation and evaluation of innovative entrepreneurial talents.