科学学研究 ›› 2021, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 12-20.

• 科学学理论与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

人脸识别技术的社会风险及其法律规制

孙道锐   

  1. 大连海事大学
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-09 修回日期:2020-07-22 出版日期:2021-01-15 发布日期:2021-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 孙道锐

Social risks and legal regulation of face recognition technology

  • Received:2020-02-09 Revised:2020-07-22 Online:2021-01-15 Published:2021-01-25

摘要: 人脸识别技术是以人工智能算法为技术支持,以大数据分析为手段,进而实现人脸识别的目的。根据算法的不同,有基于2D识别算法和3D识别算法的人脸识别技术系统。但不管基于何种算法,均面临欺骗攻击、技术利维坦及责任风险等社会风险。欺骗攻击包括2D欺骗攻击和3D欺骗攻击;人脸识别技术利维坦是集人工智能“赛维坦”和大数据“数字利维坦”于一身的复合型技术利维坦;责任风险表现为现有的过错责任原则无法有效地对人脸识别技术带来的责任规则进行划分。为防范人脸识别技术的社会风险,除需对该技术进行深度研发外,更需要从该技术系统的应用端出发,对该技术使用的范围、手段和目的进行规制。

Abstract: Face recognition technology is based on artificial intelligence algorithm and big data analysis to realize the purpose of face recognition. According to different algorithms, there are face recognition technology systems based on 2D recognition algorithm and 3D recognition algorithm. However, no matter what algorithm is based on, there are social risks such as deception attack, technical Leviathan and responsibility risk. Deception attack includes 2D deception attack and 3D deception attack; Leviathan, a face recognition technology, is a composite technology Leviathan which integrates artificial intelligence "Leviathan" and big data "digital Leviathan"; liability risk shows that the existing fault liability principle can not effectively divide the liability rules brought by face recognition technology. In order to prevent the social risks of face recognition technology, in addition to in-depth research and development of the technology, it is also necessary to regulate the scope, means and purpose of the technology from the application end of the technology system.