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科学学研究  2021, Vol. 39 Issue (4): 632-643    DOI:
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科技人才激励政策感知、工作价值观与创新投入
倪渊1,张健2
1. 北京信息科技大学经济管理学院
2. 北京信息科技大学
The Perception of Incentive Policies and Innovation Involvement on Scientific and Technological Workers: The Role of Work Value Orientation
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摘要 在创新型国家建设的背景下,科技人才激励政策是激发科技工作者创新投入的重要保障。然而,某些政策导致的创新抑制现象,引发了关于科技人才激励政策“真实”效果的讨论。对此,本研究基于社会认知理论,构建了科技人才激励政策感知-工作价值取向-创新投入的多元多重中介效应模型,从微观层面阐释该问题。以6个地区352份一线科技工作者的自报数据为样本,运用结构方程模型进行假设检验,研究结果发现:(1)科技人才激励政策感知包括资源配置感知、评价导向感知、经济回报感知等三方面内容。(2)资源配置感知的激励效能最强,对科技工作者的创新活力、创新专注、创新奉献存在正向影响;评价导向感知的激励效能居中,对创新活力、创新奉献存在正向影响;经济回报感知的激励效能最弱,仅对创新活力有积极影响。(3)工作价值取向是科技人才激励政策感知与创新投入之间的中介“桥梁”。资源配置感知能激发呼唤取向,提升创新活力、创新奉献以及创新专注;评价导向感知能够激发事业取向,促进创新活力和创新奉献;经济回报感知能降低谋生取向,驱动创新活力。最后,从科技人才管理以及科技人才政策优化方面提出了相关管理建议。
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倪渊 张健
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Abstract: In the context of China's construction of an innovative country, incentive policy has been an important means of spurring scientific and technological workers' innovation involvement. However, the suppression of innovation caused by certain policies has led to discussions about the "real" effect of incentive policies for scientific and technological personnel. In response, based on social cognitive theory, a multi-dimensional relationship model is constructed. This model links policy perceptions, work values, and innovation involvement, explaining this problem at a micro level. Taking the self-reported data of 352 front-line science and technology workers in 6 regions including Beijing, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Shandong, and Hubei as samples, the structural equation model is used to conduct hypothesis testing. The results find that: (1) The perception of incentive policies includes resources allocation perception, evaluation-oriented perception, and economic return perception. (2)The perception of resource allocation for science and technology workers has a positive impact on innovation vigor, innovation absorption, and innovation dedication; evaluation-oriented perception has a positive impact on innovation vigor and innovation dedication; perception of economic returns only has a positive impact on innovation vigor. (3) Work orientation is an intermediary "bridge" between the perception of incentive policies and innovation involvement. The perception of resource allocation can promote the calling orientation, and enhance innovation vigor, innovation dedication, and innovation absorption. The evaluation-oriented perception can promote the career orientation, upgrade innovation vigor and innovation dedication. The perception of economic return can reduce the job orientation and drive higher innovation vigor. Finally, corresponding management suggestions are put forward.
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收稿日期: 2020-02-25; 出版日期: 2021-04-22
基金资助:国家自然科学基金;教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目;北京市属高校青年拔尖人才项目
通讯作者: 倪渊     E-mail: niyuan230@163.com
引用本文:   
倪渊 张健. 科技人才激励政策感知、工作价值观与创新投入[J]. 科学学研究, 2021, 39(4): 632-643.
$author.xingMing_EN. The Perception of Incentive Policies and Innovation Involvement on Scientific and Technological Workers: The Role of Work Value Orientation[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2021, 39(4): 632-643.
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