Based on citation analysis in full-text to the citing literatures, this paper displays the micro impact of fraudulent paper to the academia and its changes after retraction, and also reveals the reasons for the large impact and the role of self-correction mechanism in science. Firstly, we construct the framework of citation analysis in full-text, which includes dimensions of citing sentiment, citation function, cited object and citation importance. And then, select a representative highly cited retracted publication as sample case in natural science and social science respectively. Based on the framework of citation analysis in full-text, we perform manual annotation and description analysis on their citing literatures. High-impact papers have a huge influence on academia, but it needs to be viewed dialectically. These fraudulent papers get many citations, which is related to the value of the paper itself and citation fashion in its field. Self-correction mechanism in science has different effect in natural and social science. Scientific community can identify the problem, and better purify its effect after retracting in natural science. Otherwise, there is almost no correction mechanism in social science, and retracting hardly works for the purification of subsequent effects. The mechanism of reproducible research, including motivation and feasibility of reproducible research, greatly affects the different performances of self-correction in science between natural science and social science.
$author.xingMing_EN. Research on the impact of fraudulent paper to the academia from the view of citation analysis in full-text——Case study of two highly cited retracted publications[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2021, 39(4): 577-586.