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科学学研究  2021, Vol. 39 Issue (4): 594-603    DOI:
科学学理论与方法 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
跨领域研究的理论与方法:以土地管理为例
王珏1,AENIS Thomas2
1. 成都理工大学
2.
Theory and Methodology of Transdisciplinary Research: Land Management Project as a Case Study
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摘要 近年来以整合科学知识和地方知识为核心的跨领域研究逐渐兴起,并成为可持续科学的主流范式之一。跨领域研究面向现实问题引导科学成果的社会效用转化,其中的关键问题是科学-实践沟通、利益相关者参与和知识整合。针对上述关键问题,笔者首先对当前国际上跨领域研究的理论和方法论进行梳理,并以中德合作可持续土地管理项目为例介绍具体经验,最后基于理论和实践对跨领域研究的关键要素和原则进行讨论,提出行动者层面的思维方式、沟通技能和权属意识以及知识领域层面的异质性、权力关系和翻译是科学与实践沟通交互的关键,指出跨领域研究的迭代性、自反性、动态性和灵活性原则,并强调文化背景的重要性。
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王珏 AENIS Thomas
关键词:   
Abstract: Transdisciplinary research increases to produce scientifically robust and socially relevant solutions for complex sustainability issues, through knowledge integration and mutual learning between scientists and praxis stakeholders, which became the mainstream of sustainability science. The key issues in transdisciplinarity are science-practice interaction, stakeholder participation, and knowledge integration. To address these issues, this article first review the current trend of transdisciplinary theories and methodologies, then take Chinese-German cooperated project on sustainable land management in Southwest China as a case study to reflect on the key management issues of transdisciplinary research, and discuss the elements and principles for successful transdisciplinary research. It is pointed out that scientists and practitioners need to change their perspective from the traditional science-driven research paradigm, raise awareness of the importance of communication and participation in knowledge generation, and improve their communication skills to better interact with each other. Project managers need to create suitable means so that stakeholders participate in and contribute to the solution development actively, and have ownership of the process and the solution. Understanding and accepting heterogeneity among stakeholders is a precondition for collaboration and negotiation. Power relations need to be carefully addressed so that all stakeholders and their opinions are equally valued. Translation and the role of the translator should be considered in for better communication across cultural and professional boundaries. For process management, iteration, reflexivity, dynamic and flexibility are important principles to timely adapt to specific or unexpected situations. Specific design and adjustment are needed concerning the cultural context of each specific case.
Key words:   
收稿日期: 2020-05-11; 出版日期: 2021-04-22
基金资助:德国联邦教育与科研部基金
通讯作者: 王珏     E-mail: juewang1986@gmail.com
引用本文:   
王珏 AENIS Thomas. 跨领域研究的理论与方法:以土地管理为例[J]. 科学学研究, 2021, 39(4): 594-603.
$author.xingMing_EN. Theory and Methodology of Transdisciplinary Research: Land Management Project as a Case Study[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2021, 39(4): 594-603.
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