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科学学研究  2021, Vol. 39 Issue (4): 673-682    DOI:
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面向社会愿景与挑战的优先技术选择研究
杨捷,陈凯华
中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院
The research on technology priority selection oriented to social vision and challenge―On the Evolution and Enlightenment of Previous Technology Foresights in Japan
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摘要 面向社会愿景与挑战是科技创新政策转型研究的新发展方向,迫切需要解决如何把社会愿景与挑战和优先发展技术选择协同考虑,在实现经济目标的同时解决社会挑战。技术预见方法满足了这一需求,为面向社会愿景与挑战的优先技术选择提供了有效的实现途径和治理方式。本文结合日本11次技术预见研究,从技术预见方法、技术预见指导思想两方面系统梳理了日本11次技术预见的实践及演进历史,揭示了日本技术预见由经济效益到社会愿景与挑战导向的变化;并重点分析了日本第11次面向社会愿景与挑战的技术预见实践。同时针对我国技术预见研究现状,从技术预见导向、技术领域分类、信息技术应用、参与实践人群、创新政策研究和预见文化构建等角度对比了中日技术预见的差异。研究结果为我国改进技术预见实践以及推进以社会愿景与挑战为导向的技术预见研究提供了有益的启示和借鉴。
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杨捷 陈凯华
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Abstract: Facing the social vision and challenge is a new development direction of the research on the transformation of science and technology innovation policy. It is urgent to consider how to select the priority technology oriented to the social vision and challenge, and how to solve the social challenge while pursuing the economic goals. The technology foresight methods meet the demand and provide an effective way to achieve and practice the priority technology selection oriented to the social vision and challenges. On the basis of previous research on technology foresight in Japan, this study systematically analyses the practice cases and revels the evolution history of technology foresight in Japan from two aspects of method and guidance of technology foresight. The orientation change of technology foresight in Japan from economic benefits to social vision and challenge was presented and the 11th Japanese technology foresight case was discussed. Combined with the Japanese technology foresight report, the differences of technology foresight was compared between the China and Japan from the perspectives of social vision and challenge, technology fields classification, information technology, stakeholders, science and technology innovation policies and foresight culture. These findings provide profound enlightenment and beneficial reference to improve technology foresight practice and to promote technology foresight research oriented to social vision and challenges in China.
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收稿日期: 2020-03-30; 出版日期: 2021-04-22
通讯作者: 陈凯华     E-mail: chenkaihua@casipm.ac.cn
引用本文:   
杨捷 陈凯华. 面向社会愿景与挑战的优先技术选择研究[J]. 科学学研究, 2021, 39(4): 673-682.
$author.xingMing_EN. The research on technology priority selection oriented to social vision and challenge―On the Evolution and Enlightenment of Previous Technology Foresights in Japan[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2021, 39(4): 673-682.
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