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科学学研究  2021, Vol. 39 Issue (4): 713-724    DOI:
技术创新与制度创新 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
数字基础设施创新的模块化共演路径———基于公共卫生应急治理的案例研究
靳景1,余江2,孙茜3,高雨辰4
1. 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院 ;中国科学院大学中丹学院
2. 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院
3. 中国科学院大学
4. 清华大学公共管理学院
Modular Co-evolution of Digital Infrastructure Innovation: A Case Study of China’s Public Health Emergency Governance
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摘要 新时期的数字基础设施创新是公共卫生应急治理数字化转型的长效机制中的重要组成部分,本质上是一个社会技术系统演进的复杂过程。实践中,模块化是开展复杂创新过程的有效方式,但少有研究详细阐明社会技术系统的模块化创新。因此,依据社会技术转型理论,本文将信息上报预警系统视为公共卫生应急治理基础设施数字化转型的利基,探究公共卫生应急治理数字基础设施模块化创新的过程,以及技术利基和组织利基在其中的共演路径与影响。案例研究发现:我国公共卫生应急治理信息系统经历了利用性创新、探索性创新和整合利用性创新三个阶段的模块化共演;在不同阶段,模块化共演路径的选择以社会技术供需分析为起点,利用最有利的社会技术要素组合来实现社会技术资源的高效整合配置,对复杂环境做出积极反馈和适应性调整。数字基础设施创新需要综合短期开发和长期建设的视角进行设计与规划,将风险防控思想渗透到基础设施创新的方方面面,在公共卫生应急等专业性较强的领域中树立前瞻意识、强化属地权限、增进社会认同,实现技术与组织协同治理效益最大化。
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靳景 余江 孙茜 高雨辰
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Abstract: Digital infrastructure innovation in the new era is the important part of the digitalization of public health emergence governance, which means a complex evolution of the socio-technical system. In practice, the modular is identified as the effective approach in dealing with the complex innovation, which lacks of further study of the modular innovation of socio-technical system. In such context, according to the relative theory, this paper regards the information reporting and early warning system as the niche of infrastructural digitalization of public health emergence governance, and explore this digitalization process, explain how the technical niche and the organizational niche co-evolved in this process. Based on the case study, we found that China’s public health emergence governance information system has experienced three stages of modular co-evolution, namely exploitation modular innovation in the emergencies of the initial innovation, exploratory modular innovation in the normal context and integrating exploitation modular innovation in the emergencies of the evolving innovation. Specifically, during each stage, the selection of the co-evolutionary solution is based on the analysis of the socio-technical demand and supply, and then it optimizes the allocation of the socio-technical resources through technical modular and organizational modular. Also, it adjusts the complex environment by following the specific co-evolutionary solution according to the analysis of socio-technical demand and supply. Therefore, digital infrastructure innovation needs to combine the short-term and the long-term development in order to infiltrate the risk prevention and control into all aspects of infrastructure innovation. In the field of public health emergency and other professional areas, we should establish a forward-looking awareness, strengthen territorial authority, enhance social identity, and maximize the benefits of collaborative governance of technology and organization.
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收稿日期: 2020-04-22; 出版日期: 2021-04-22
基金资助:国家自科基金重点项目;中国博士后科学基金面上项目
通讯作者: 余江     E-mail: yujiang@casipm.ac.cn
引用本文:   
靳景 余江 孙茜 高雨辰. 数字基础设施创新的模块化共演路径———基于公共卫生应急治理的案例研究[J]. 科学学研究, 2021, 39(4): 713-724.
$author.xingMing_EN. Modular Co-evolution of Digital Infrastructure Innovation: A Case Study of China’s Public Health Emergency Governance[J]. Studies in Science of Science, 2021, 39(4): 713-724.
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